VISUAL INSTRUCTIONS

VISUAL INSTRUCTIONS - differentiate the bars. 4. Use...

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English 354: Visuals Overall Rules: 1. ALL visuals must be stand alone in terms of readability . 2. Placement: As close as possible to the place in text where it is mentioned; place less relevant or background visuals in appendix. 3. Identify graphic aids with number and heading. 4. Document every visual with Source: citation. When to use tables: 1. When data need to be precise. 2. When your data are complex. 3. When you lack time/resources to create other graphics. 4. When an eye-catching graphic is not essential. When to use graphs: 1. When you want to illustrate relationships/trends rather than precise data. 2. When you want to attract and focus reader’s interest to your point. 3. When you have time to do it right. BAR GRAPHS: (Segmented also=parts of whole) 1. Use bar graphs to show relationships over time . 2. Make sure bars are uniform in design. 3. If bars are drawn together, use colors or cross-hatching to
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Unformatted text preview: differentiate the bars. 4. Use segmented bar graphs to illustrate the various parts that make up the whole entity. (Related to pie graphs) 5. Label each bar and segment. Provide a legend . LINE GRAPHS (horizontal=time, vertical=data amounts) 1. Use to show relationships over time. 2. Start vertical axis at zero and mark off equal units. 3. Represent equal units of time in horizontal axis. 4. Choose units that effectively represent data. 5. Draw lines indicating changes over time. 6. Limit the number of lines (variables) to four if possible. 7. Label each line. Provide a legend . PIE GRAPHS: 1. Use pie graphs to represent parts of a whole, not time. 2. Develop the pie so it moves with largest slice to smallest, using 12:00 as the starting point. 3. Label each slice. Provide a legend ....
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