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CHAPTER 1 HEALTH: THE FOUNDATION FOR LIFE I. Health: The Foundation for Life A. Many Americans have changed their lives to improve their health since 1985. 1. Between 1985 and 2000, more adult Americans exercised regularly and ate the recommended amounts of fruits and vegetables. 2. Fewer Americans smoked cigarettes, drank alcohol, and died as a result of motor vehicle accidents. 3. Deaths from AIDS, heart disease, cancer, and homicide dropped dramatically. B. Certain aspects of Americans’ current health status are less encouraging. 1. During the first six months of 2007, about 30% of adults failed to engage in physical activity during their leisure time. 2. Between 2003 and 2004, 66% of American adults, 19% of children, and 17% of adolescents were too fat. C. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and death. 1. About 19% of adults (ages 18 and over) smoke cigarettes. D. Binge drinking (consuming five or more alcoholic drinks in a row) is common among high school and college students. 1. Approximately 44% of college students binge drink. E. Lifestyle: A way of living that can either promote or impair good health and longevity. 1. Risk factor: A characteristic that increases an individual’s chances of developing a health problem. F. Although people cannot prevent certain conditions such as birth defects and inherited disorders, many can modify risk factors to reduce the likelihood of developing serious chronic health conditions. G. The decision to adopt a healthier lifestyle is up to the individual. II. The Dimensions of Health A. What Is Health? 1. World Health Organization (WHO) definition of health: “A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” 2. Ottawa Charter definition of health: “A resource for everyday life…a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capabilities.” 3. Hochbaum’s definition of health: “Health is what helps me be what I want to be…do what I want to do…[and] live the way I would like to live.”
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B. Health and Wellness 1. Explain that “good health” enables one to function adequately within a constantly changing environment.
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