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comm review - Ch.4 Encoding messages Characteristics of...

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Ch.4 Encoding messages Characteristics of Language significance helps you visual your message in someone else’s head. Language is symbolic 1. a kind of knowledge 2. rule governed 3. able to affect the way we see the world 4. takes many forms, complex, structure Pragmatics- study of how language is used in social interaction. Basic unit is connected discuses Pragmatics allows you to: interpret intent. Public vs. Private Discourse Private: reciprocal, egalitarian, personal/informal, spontaneous, privately owned, implicit, relational Explicit, task oriented Public nonrecipprical non-egalitarian, impersonal/formal, scripted, publicly asseble. There are Cultural Differences in Language Use -context dependence -verbal directness -expressiveness -formality Language Choices that make a difference -ambiguity -immediacy used to create bonds -abstractive think of other things that remind you of something -metaphors (eufranisms) Nonverbal Communication- when a stimulus (not word) is created or received, that’s nonverbal when it creates meaning
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