pro-ana research paper

pro-ana research paper - "Pro-Ana Nation"...

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“Pro-Ana Nation” Anorexia Nervosa is a medical disease that many young females suffer from. It is a way of attaining a drastically slim body shape by ways of fasting and severe food restriction. Although it is cited as a mental health problem, some consider it to have an underlying organic cause. It usually emerges around the age of 14 and is thought to be prompted by pressure from the media and weight-loss industries. They encourage women to diet and fast so that they can achieve and maintain their gaunt figures. Social scientists and feminist models differ in their perspectives on the reasoning behind anorectic behavior. (Fox, O’Rourke, Ward pg.949). Social scientists believe that disordered eating is less a consequence of the individual or bodily malfunction, and more a reflection of social and cultural meanings associated with food, fatness, and the female body. Psychologists regard anorexia as a response to self-esteem issues, cognitive distortions, stress, and family problems. They deem it as a reaction against the development of adult sexuality. Cultural models suggest that Western society has a bias towards slim, lean bodies and these icons contribute to extreme eating behavior. The media has portrayed a lean female body as the epitome of beauty and object of sexual desire. Feminist models look beyond the individual and study how suppression of women in society and the meanings of slenderness in the West are associated with eating disorders. Traditionally,
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overeating has been looked upon as the sin of gluttony. This is why people who are obese are generally viewed as being lazy, undisciplined, greedy, and lacking self-respect. On the other hand, under-eating is associated with self- discipline, moral integrity, and simplicity. These conflicting opinions show why the social identity of the eating disordered individual is complicated. The recently coined term ‘pro-ana’ refers to a movement that supports anorexia and promotes an anti-recovery perspective on the disease. The members of this group see no need in finding a cure for anorexia and reject any medical, social or feminist model that view it as a disease. Instead, they view anorexia as a lifestyle choice and a “decision to pursue perfection”. The sudden increase in the population of this movement has been made easier with the development of internet communication technology as well as effective pharmaceuticals for weight loss. Through chat rooms and web sites the pro-ana movement is able to provide a safe and positive atmosphere for other anorectics to share their experiences. There they feel free from judgment and scrutiny from parents, siblings, boyfriends, husbands and the medical profession. Here, the users can play any social role they like and transform themselves into fantasy selves, free of all physical and natural constraints. Many researchers agree that these websites that promote, support, and discuss anorexia may increase the levels of eating disorders among adolescents. There is hundreds of these websites all providing tips
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pro-ana research paper - "Pro-Ana Nation"...

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