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Lecture 12 - Topics and Terms in This Lecture HUMA100E...

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1 HUMA100E Introduction to Sociolinguistics Lecture 12: Specialized Linguistic Varieties 26-29 November 2010 Prof. Robert S. BAUER 包睿舜 Division of Humanities Hong Kong University of Science & Technology Topics and Terms in This Lecture Verbal repertoire Register, Jargon, Argot • Slang • Antilanguage Secret language, language game Vulgar language Euphemism, Dysphemism Tabooed language Interlingual taboo homophony Avoidance style (mother-in-law language) 2 3 Linguistic varieties related to social contexts in which used “Language varies not only according to the social characteristics of speakers – such as the factors of social class, ethnic group, and gender . . . – but also according to the social context in which speakers find themselves. The same speaker uses different linguistic varieties in different situations and for different purposes.” (Trudgill 2000:81) 4 Verbal Repertoire “The totality of linguistic varieties used in this way [that is, as determined by the speakers’ purposes and the social contexts] – by a particular community of speakers can be called that linguistic community’s verbal repertoire .” (Trudgill 2000:81) 5 Topic and Social Context Affect Speaker’s Choice of Linguistic Variety When a speaker is discussing his or her work with colleagues in the workplace, the linguistic variety that is used is likely to be quite different than if the speaker were at home talking to family members about work. 6 Specialized Occupations and Specialized Vocabulary The main difference between the variety used at work with one’s colleagues and the variety used with one’s family members will be in the choice of vocabulary items: specialized work requires specialized vocabulary to be used in talking with one’s workmates. Outsiders who are unfamiliar with a particular occupation may or may not be familiar with the specialized vocabulary associated with that occupation.
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