1HUMA100E Introduction to SociolinguisticsLecture 12:Specialized Linguistic Varieties 26-29 November 2010Prof. Robert S. BAUER 包睿舜Division of HumanitiesHong Kong University of Science & TechnologyTopics and Terms in This Lecture•Verbal repertoire•Register, Jargon, Argot• Slang• Antilanguage•Secret language, language game •Vulgar language•Euphemism, Dysphemism •Tabooed language •Interlingual taboo homophony•Avoidance style (mother-in-law language)23Linguistic varieties related to social contexts in which used“Language varies not only according to the social characteristics of speakers – such as the factors of social class, ethnic group, and gender . . . – but also according to the social context in which speakers find themselves. The same speaker uses different linguistic varieties in different situations and for different purposes.” (Trudgill 2000:81)4Verbal Repertoire“The totality of linguistic varieties used in this way [that is, as determined by the speakers’purposes and the social contexts] – by a particular community of speakers can be called that linguistic community’s verbal repertoire.”(Trudgill 2000:81)5Topic and Social Context Affect Speaker’s Choice of Linguistic VarietyWhen a speaker is discussing his or her work with colleagues in the workplace, the linguistic variety that is used is likely to be quite different than if the speaker were at home talking to family members about work. 6Specialized Occupations andSpecialized VocabularyThe main difference between the variety used at work with one’s colleagues and the variety used with one’s family members will be in the choice of vocabulary items: specialized work requires specialized vocabulary to be used in talking with one’s workmates. Outsiders who are unfamiliar with a particular occupation may or may not be familiar with the specialized vocabulary associated with that occupation.
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