Section VIII Div. 3.pdf - 2010 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code AN INTERNATIONAL CODE VIII Division 3 Alternative Rules for Construction of High

Section VIII Div. 3.pdf - 2010 ASME Boiler and Pressure...

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Unformatted text preview: 2010 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code AN INTERNATIONAL CODE VIII Division 3 Alternative Rules for Construction of High Pressure Vessels Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels --``,`,`,`,,,,```,,,,,,,,`,,`,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Licensee=Korea Power Engineering Co Inc ( KOPEC ) /3289500001 Not for Resale, 07/11/2010 19:28:32 MDT INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK --``,`,`,`,,,,```,,,,,,,,`,,`,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 标准分享网 免费下载 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Licensee=Korea Power Engineering Co Inc ( KOPEC ) /3289500001 Not for Resale, 07/11/2010 19:28:32 MDT A N I N T E R N AT I O N A L CO D E 2010 ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code July 1, 2010 --``,`,`,`,,,,```,,,,,,,,`,,`,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 2010 Edition VIII Division 3 Alternative Rules for Construction of High Pressure Vessels RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PRESSURE VESSELS ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee on Pressure Vessels Three Park Avenue • New York, NY • 10016 USA Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Licensee=Korea Power Engineering Co Inc ( KOPEC ) /3289500001 Not for Resale, 07/11/2010 19:28:32 MDT Date of Issuance: July 1, 2010 (Includes all Addenda dated July 2009 and earlier) This international code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for American National Standards and it is an American National Standard. The Standards Committee that approved the code or standard was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an opportunity to participate. The proposed code or standard was made available for public review and comment that provides an opportunity for additional public input from industry, academia, regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large. ASME does not “approve,” “rate,” or “endorse” any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity. ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable letters patent, nor assume any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, is entirely their own responsibility. Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard. ASME accepts responsibility for only those interpretations of this document issued in accordance with the established ASME procedures and policies, which precludes the issuance of interpretations by individuals. The footnotes in this document are part of this American National Standard. ASME collective membership mark The above ASME symbols are registered in the U.S. Patent Office. “ASME” is the trademark of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 56-3934 Printed in the United States of America Adopted by the Council of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1914. Revised 1940, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1959, 1962, 1965, 1968, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1992, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2010 The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990 Copyright © 2010 by THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS All Rights Reserved --``,`,`,`,,,,```,,,,,,,,`,,`,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 标准分享网 免费下载 Licensee=Korea Power Engineering Co Inc ( KOPEC ) /3289500001 Not for Resale, 07/11/2010 19:28:32 MDT CONTENTS List of Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statements of Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Summary of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . List of Changes in Record Number Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv xvi xviii xix xxxi xxxiv PART KG Article KG-1 KG-100 KG-110 KG-120 KG-130 KG-140 KG-150 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope and Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Geometric Scope of This Division. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classifications Outside the Scope of This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Field Assembly of Vessels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standards Referenced by This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Units of Measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 Article KG-2 KG-200 KG-210 KG-220 KG-230 KG-240 KG-250 Organization of This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parts of This Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appendices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Articles and Paragraphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 Article KG-3 KG-300 KG-310 KG-320 KG-330 Responsibilities and Duties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . User’s Responsibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturer’s Responsibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Designer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7 7 10 12 Article KG-4 KG-400 KG-410 KG-420 KG-430 KG-440 General Rules for Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements for Inspection and Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturer’s Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certification of Subcontracted Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Inspector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inspector’s Duties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 13 13 14 14 15 Article KG-5 KG-500 KG-510 KG-520 Additional General Requirements for Composite Reinforced Pressure Vessels (CRPV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supplemental General Requirements for CRPV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 16 16 17 Figures KG-510-1 CRPV General Arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 iii --``,`,`,`,,,,```,,,,,,,,`,,`,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Licensee=Korea Power Engineering Co Inc ( KOPEC ) /3289500001 Not for Resale, 07/11/2010 19:28:32 MDT KG-510-2 KG-510-3 Laminate Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Laminate Step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 17 Forms KG-311.15 KG-324.1 Typical Certification of Compliance of the User’s Design Specification . . . . . . . . . Typical Certification of Compliance of the Manufacturer’s Design Report . . . . . . . 10 11 Table KG-141 Referenced Standards in This Division and Year of Acceptable Edition . . . . . . . . . 4 PART KM Article KM-1 KM-100 MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Materials Permitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 19 19 Article KM-2 KM-200 KM-210 KM-220 KM-230 KM-240 KM-250 21 21 21 23 25 26 KM-260 Mechanical Property Test Requirements for Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for Obtaining Test Specimens and Coupons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for Heat Treating Separate Test Specimens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mechanical Testing Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heat Treatment Certification/Verification Tests for Fabricated Components . . . . . . Supplementary Toughness Requirements for Pressure-Retaining Component Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Article KM-3 KM-300 Supplementary Requirements for Bolting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for All Bolting Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 29 Article KM-4 KM-400 Material Design Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contents of Tables of Material Design Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 30 Article KM-5 KM-500 KM-510 Requirements for Laminate Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interlaminar Shear Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 48 50 Figure KM-212 Examples of Acceptable Impact Test Specimens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Tables KM-212 KM-234.2(a) KM-234.2(b) KCS-1 KCS-1M KHA-1 KHA-1M KNF-1 KNF-1M KM-506-1 KM-506-2 Charpy Impact Test Temperature Reduction Below Minimum Design Metal Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minimum Required Charpy V-Notch Impact Values for Pressure-Retaining Component Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minimum Required Charpy V-Notch Impact Values for Bolting Materials. . . . . . . Carbon and Low Alloy Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon and Low Alloy Steels (Metric). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . High Alloy Steels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . High Alloy Steels (Metric) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nickel and Nickel Alloys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nickel and Nickel Alloys (Metric). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resin Systems Required Certifications by Resin Supplier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resin Systems Required Tests by CRPV Manufacturer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS --``,`,`,`,,,,```,,,,,,,,`,,`,``-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 27 27 22 25 26 31 35 39 42 45 46 49 49 标准分享网 免费下载 Licensee=Korea Power Engineering Co Inc ( KOPEC ) /3289500001 Not for Resale, 07/11/2010 19:28:32 MDT DESIGN REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Loadings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Basis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fatigue Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 51 51 51 52 53 53 Article KD-2 KD-200 KD-210 KD-220 KD-230 KD-240 KD-250 Basic Design Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms Relating to Stress Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equations for Cylindrical and Spherical Shells. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elastic–Plastic Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Linear Elastic Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Principal Stresses in Monobloc Vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 54 54 56 57 63 65 Article KD-3 KD-300 KD-310 KD-320 KD-330 KD-340 KD-350 KD-360 KD-370 Fatigue Evaluation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stress Analysis for Fatigue Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calculated Number of Design Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calculated Cumulative Effect Number of Design Cycles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fatigue Assessment of Welds — Elastic Analysis and Structural Stress. . . . . . . . . . Histogram Development and Cycle Counting for Fatigue Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyclic Stress Strain Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welded Joint Design Fatigue Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 67 67 69 70 70 72 74 74 Article KD-4 KD-400 KD-410 KD-420 KD-430 KD-440 Fracture Mechanics Evaluation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crack Size Criteria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stress Intensity Factor KI Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calculation of Crack Growth Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calculated Number of Design Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 96 96 97 97 97 Article KD-5 KD-500 KD-510 KD-520 KD-530 Design Using Autofrettage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Limits on Autofrettage Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Calculation of Residual Stresses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Design Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Article KD-6 Design Requirements for Closures, Integral Heads, Threaded Fasteners, and Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Threaded Fasteners and Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Load-Carrying Shell With Single Threaded End Closures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flat Integral Heads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
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