International%20Education%20chapter%2010 - International...

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Unformatted text preview: International Education International EDF 2555 Spring 2009 Brainstorming Brainstorming Describe the pictures and relate what you see to the Describe terms on the left. terms Isolationism (non­ interventionism, economic protectionism) Manifest Destiny International interconnectedness Ripple effect (term used in sociology, economics, psychology) Global village Isolationism I Isolationism Colonial Period: • Reasons for settling the New World Persecution Economic hardships Ideological differences • Thomas Paine “Common Sense” (1776) arguments against alliances with continental powers (initially, the Continental Congress rejected the idea to have allies to fight the War of Independence) Isolationism II Isolationism "The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations, is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible. Europe has a set of primary interests, which to us have none, or a very remote relation. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns. Hence, therefore, it must be unwise in us to implicate ourselves, by artificial ties, in the ordinary vicissitudes of her politics, or the ordinary combinations and collisions of her friendships or enmities." (1796. Farewell Address, George Washington) Protectionism Protectionism Economic policy which does not necessarily limit free trade (on a national efficiency argument), but encompasses certain safeguards to protect national interests in trade relations (Ex.: John Stuart Mill: optimum tariffs are dialectically linked to latent monopoly power) Monroe Doctrine Monroe James Monroe (1823) No colonization by continental powers on the North American Continent. Aggression in the Western hemisphere would be seen as an aggression against the US. Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt’s ”Big Stick policy” (1904) • Intervention in Latin America Corollary was envoked by many presidents after Roosevelt. Franklin D. Roosevelt focused on “Good Neihbor Policy” (Batista in Cuba) Manifest destiny Manifest Belief that the US was divinely destined to expand on the North American continent (1840s) and beyond (1890s). Global Village Global Term coined by Marshall McLuhan in the 1960s. Electronic media collapse space and time barriers in human communication Contemporary issues Chapter 1 lists several more recent issues in American history/policy which reflect an attitude towards national and global issues. Based on these, Gutek defines the need for international education. Assignment 1: scan chapter 1 in groups of 5. You may divide up the chapter and summarize the information for each other. Assignment 2: Each group will be assigned a discussion question from pp. 16­17. Each group will create a brief summary to share with the whole class. ...
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