Unformatted text preview: Social Identity
1979 Basic questions
Basic How can we understand the psychological
How basis of intergroup discrimination?
basis What are the basic attributes that
distinguish inter-individual from inter-group
relations? What is group identification? The three elements of group
identification Cognitive: knowledge that one belongs to
Cognitive: a group
group Evaluative: positive or negative value
connotation of membership in a group.
connotation Emotional: reaction towards knowledge
that one belongs to a group. Depends on
the first two elements.
the Group identity
Group Determined by in-group perceptions and
Determined out-group perceptions.
out-group Oftentimes, there is a determinacy of the
out-group, especially if the out-group holds
a more powerful position (dominant).
more Group identity can be created through
external forces and seems to solidify if the
group is faced with a conflict.
group The interpersonal-intergroup
continuum Purely interpersonal Purely intergroup A continuum is more likely, in which
continuum persons as agents are determined by
Membership Social identity is multiple. Categorization of self and other (also
Categorization called labeling).
called Differentiation or comparison of groups to
determine evaluative element.
determine Desire for positive distinctiveness. Positive
emotional outcome is desired.
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- Fall '09
- Psychology, Henri Tajfel, John Turner