socioemotional

socioemotional - Social Contexts and Socioemotional...

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    1 Social Contexts and Socioemotional Development   Contemporary Theories Erikson’s Life-Span Development Theory Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory
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Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory The primary focus of Bronfenbrenner’s Theory is the social contexts in which children live and the people who influence their development. 2
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Microsystem: Within this system the student has direct interactions with parents, teachers, peers, and others . Mesosystem: This system involves the linkages between microsystems such as family and school, and relationships between students and peers. Exosystem: This system works when settings in which a child does not have an active role influence the student’s experiences. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory 3 Continued
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Macrosystem: This system involves the broader culture in which students and teachers live. Chronosystem: The sociohistorical conditions of a student’s development. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory 4 Continued
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Erikson’s Life-Span Development Theory Development proceeds in stages . Each stage is characterized by a psychosocial challenge or crisis. Stages reflect the motivation of the individual. 5
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Erikson’s Human Development Stages Trust vs. Mistrust 0–2 years Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt 2–4 years Initiative vs. Guilt 4–6 years Developed through consistent love and support. Independence fostered by support and encouragement. Developed by exploring and accepting challenges 6
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Erikson’s Human Development Stages Industry vs. Inferiority 6–8 years Identity vs. Role Confusion Adolescence Intimacy vs. Isolation Early adult years Mastery comes from success and recognition Exploration of different paths to attain a healthy identity Form positive, close relationships with others 7
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Erikson’s Human Development Stages Generativity vs. Stagnation Middle Adulthood Integrity vs. Despair Late Adulthood Transmitting something positive to the next generation Life review and retrospective evaluation of one’s past 8
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  Strategies for Erikson’s Stages of Development Identity Recognize that identity is multi- dimensional Encourage independent thinking
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This note was uploaded on 06/18/2011 for the course EDF 2555 taught by Professor Bettinabecker during the Fall '09 term at E. Illinois.

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socioemotional - Social Contexts and Socioemotional...

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