day%203%20single%20subject%20design%20powerpoint

day%203%20single%20subject%20design%20powerpoint - NCATE...

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NCATE Dispositions Two we must always remember BELIEVE ALL CHILDREN CAN LEARN SOCIAL EQUITY AND JUSTICE
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NCATE Dispositions to Remember Two we must always remember 1? 2?
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Single-Subject Design
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Requirements of Single-Subject Research Design Repeated measurement of the dependent variable (target behavior) over time Following a baseline condition, introduction of one or more independent variables (intervention used) while measurement of the dependent variable continues At least one replication of the implementation of the independent variable (intervention used) to rule out competing explanations Competing explanations … Factors that influence the behavior simultaneously with the intervention Examples: Something else in the setting may be altered The student becomes more mature or gains insight Parents establish a contingency at home. Demonstration of a functional relationship between the independent variable and changes in the dependent variable.
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Research Design Research design or experimental design. . Generally, people think of group design as: research models with control groups and experimental groups What type of places use these designs? Given this understanding of research is: “Research” useful in the classroom? Why? Why not? Ethics-- what are they?
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Defining Ethical Webster’s The discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation A set of moral principles or values A teacher who is doing the right thing is behaving ethically. All states have a set of ethical guidelines or standards “Making” Ethical
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Is the intervention ethical? Community standards, laws, prevailing philosophies, individual freedom, informed consent, and clients’ attitudes and feelings Social Validity … consumer satisfaction Environment Safe, humane, and responsive to individual needs For students with disabilities, LEAST RESTRICTIVE ENVIRONMENT
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“New” requirement … Evidence-based treatment (evidence-based practice) and the difficulty of providing the evidence Behavioralists are amused … • Have been providing the “evidence” for years Believe that to change a student’s behavior, proven effectiveness of a technique in changing similar behaviors in similar students has been expected and a primary consideration for years
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day%203%20single%20subject%20design%20powerpoint - NCATE...

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