2%20JP%20Introduction%20Lecture

2%20JP%20Introduction%20Lecture - SPE3700...

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SPE 3700  Individualized Independence  Curriculum and Materials   Eastern Illinois University Jan Pearcy ***This PowerPoint will  cover several  chapters/topics
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General Areas of Concern Focus on Self-Determination What does this mean? Academic Skills Daily Living Skills Social Skills/Behavior Occupational Guidance  & Preparation
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Observation “Observation is actually the act of (1)  noting and then (2) judging”   (Glickman, Gordon, & Ross-Gordon, 2001; p. 44) Quantitative and Qualitative  What is the difference? How do you know what to use?
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Quantitative Observations Used for measuring  specific  events,  behaviors, etc. Definitions must be precise! Frequency Duration Latency Intensity (generally not used    outside a clinical setting)     Indicators  (see p. 65, Browder & Spooner (2003))
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Qualitative Observations Qualitative Observations an environment.  Verbatim actual scripting of a situation Open-Ended Narrative -  record of persons,  events, senses, may include times, etc. Participant Open-Ended Observation - when observer becomes participant Questionnaire Observation preset  questions to answer in a situation Describe in a way that is clear and will “eliminate” any  confusion about what is happening.  (Glickman, Gordon, & Ross-Gordon, 2001)
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Task Analysis Example p. 65 in text What are the characteristics? How does it work? What role would a task  analysis play in a needs  assessment?
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Levels of Prompting-- What are prompts? Levels are Important  (below are generic  levels) Natural Gestural Verbal Physical assessment
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Labeling and Definitions Importance Provides convenience Problems Provides for convenience  Provides for overgeneralization Basis for narrow -mindedness Person First Ethically right Required within this department!
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Quick Activity-- In a group take a few minutes to: Define “disability” What does it mean to have a  disability? What does it mean to have a  moderate or severe disability? What is the role of a special  educator?  What is the role of a person with a  disability?
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5 Assumptions to Definition Limitations in functioning considered  with context of typical community  environments Assessment considers diversity Limits coexist with strengths Purpose of describing limitations to  develop profile of supports Appropriate supports, over time lead  to improved functioning
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Intelligence General mental capacity Reasoning, planning, problem solving, 
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This note was uploaded on 06/18/2011 for the course SPE 3700 taught by Professor Janpearcy during the Spring '11 term at E. Illinois.

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2%20JP%20Introduction%20Lecture - SPE3700...

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