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week 4 motivation emotion - 1 Assignment Motivation and...

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1 Assignment: Motivation and Emotion John Sherrow PSY/202 Monday, April 04, 2011 KIMBERLY M. MICKLE Assignment: Motivation and Emotion
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2 According to University of Phoenix Psychology and Your Life (2010), there are five approaches to motivation. They are instinct, drive reduction, arousal, incentive, and cognitive. Instincts are” inborn patterns of behavior that are biologically determined rather than learned.” (University of Phoenix, 2010, pp. 244-248). The instinct theory affects motivation because it is believed to be preprogrammed into the individual or animal. These instinctual responses can keep you alive. Many psychologists believe that much of our behavior is learned making this concept in not widely accepted. Drive reduction is a “theory suggesting that a lack of a basic biological requirement such as water produces a drive to obtain that requirement.” (University of Phoenix, 2010, pp. 244-248). This theory affects motivation because an individual that needs something badly enough will have the drive to attain it.
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