Cheatsheetfor midterm

Cheatsheetfor midterm - I At the Core of Political Parties...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
I. At the Core of Political Parties: a. Represent Group Interests b. Dominate Rule Making c. Work generally with Issues d. Organize Political Power e. Recruit Political leaders f. Organize the opposition g. Organize Voters h. Coordinate Elite Behavior i. Induce Collective Responsibility j. Induce Punishments for Failures II. Parties v. Party Systems a. 5 Components: i. System Orientation ii. Organizational structure iii. Party activity Rates iv. Material/ Internal Processes v. Focus on Competition b. System Orientation: i. Policy v. Office Orientation: 1. US-High on Office, Low on Policy 2. Germany-High on Office, Low on Policy 3. Italy (Communists) middle Office, low on Policy c. Organizational Structure: Cadre Mass Stratocracy, Independent organizations, Unclear lines of authority, very permeable, lateral- entry Hierarchical, clear lines of authority, local state national org, non-permeable, bottom up d. Party Activity Levels: i. High or Low ii. Activities: 1. Voting 2. Mobilizing, organizing, block walking, campaigning, voting in primaries, etc. e. Material/ Internal Processes: i. Do laws of the party matter, or no? ii. Doesn’t really matter much in the US f. Focus on Competition: i. Mainly with coalition governments following the election ii. Also, making allies following the election process III. Political Party Typologies: a. 6 perspectives: i. Spatial Theory ii. Electoral Structure iii. Numerical iv. Organizational v. Motivational vi. Social-Cleavage Theory b. Spatial Theory i. ** Parties reflect the distribution of preferences in the Electorate ii. parties move to the center to capture the median voter iii. Bell Curve: incentive to be in the center iv. Staggered Fluctuating Chart: works for multiple parties v. Downs (Eco Theory of Democracy) 1. Introduced the left-right axis for parties 2. Argued that people will focus on “how much gov. involvement in necessary in the economy.” c. Electoral Structure i. SMSP 2 party system ii. PR Multiparty system iii. Lipghhart: 1. Consensual Dem.: a. PR, no president elections, no federalism. Belgium 2. Majoritarian Dem.: SMSP, president elections, Federalism, US/ Britain d. Numerical i. D’hondt-- ii. Sainte Leguit-- iii. Singe Transferable Vote (STV) iv. Sartori 1. The number of political parties plus the intensity of competition leads to a strong understanding of party function. e. Organizational Cadre Mass Generally Office-seeking Policy-seeking Org. Form Capital intensive Labor intensive Electoral Comp. Consultants, surveys, etc Grass roots (person to person) Involvement Low High Recruitment Permeable, lateral entry Non-permeable, heiarchical Numbers Low High Competitiveness High, persuade all Low, GOTV f. Motivational i. Wilson:
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. Incentives a. Material b. Solidary c. Ideological 2. Divided countries into those rules by professionals and Amateurs: Professional (cadre) Amateur (mass) Office seeking, aggregative, wide range of votes Policy seeking, confrontation, competitions within own party
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 5

Cheatsheetfor midterm - I At the Core of Political Parties...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online