Exam III Notes Collaboration

Exam III Notes Collaboration -...

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06:08 Political Machines Most machines were Democrat (but not all) These individuals did not have an ideology The reason they were mostly Democrats, were because the Republicans happened to be in power Machines were rare Characteristics of Political Machines Have substantial autonomy in their operations Tend to be fairly durable Have a hierarchical internal structure They control the nominating process They have problems when independent candidates choose to run Rely on material incentives (i.e., jobs, service, etc…) to build loyalty and gain support amongst the electorate Have control over city/municipal governments The Beginning During the early 20 th century (when individuals want civil service reform, implementing primaries, etc…), they began to weaken The machine will not function without workers Workers will be asked to take time off (and get paid) to go knock door-to-door
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Must mobilize the immigrant population (providing the voters with service and jobs) – and use government taxes to fund these fake contracts (corruption) The Conditions under which Political Machines need to operate Competitive elections with mass suffrage occurring within a parochial social context Parochial social context – loyalties to family, community and ethnicity (tight social identities) accompany strong needs for immediate short term benefits The Decline of the Political Machine Civil service reform that protected city employees Any reform effort that makes city employee dependent upon having a degree, passing a test, protects you from being fired/replaced, etc… Legislation and court decisions on ballot practice and party activities Ballot practices – only giving out the Democratic parties Party activities – the parties will walk the voters to the booth and help them vote for the “right” candidate Unionization of public employees Unions protect public workers The expansion of the economy and the federal government Myth 1: Not all political machines were democrat They had no ideology Mobilized poor and immigrants to win elections Myth 2: Machines are rare – not all political parties are political machines
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Substantial autonomy in their operations Do not signify a strong political party Tend to be durable o Long standing Hierarchical internal structure Control the nominating process o Hurts: independent candidates run against machine members Machines only do well when they have control over the nomination process. Rely on material incentives, to build loyalty and support amongst the electorate o No focus on issues o Will give various services Control of municipal (city or county) government City jobs or being able to offer voters material goods Machine cannot function with out available city jobs. o
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Exam III Notes Collaboration -...

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