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SR-04-Arabic science-1 - translated them into Latin Main...

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Arabic science and its reception in the West Foreseeing fall of Rome and decline of learning, Boethius (Roman, AD 480–524) translated some of Plato’s and Aristotle’s works into Latin. Most other ancient Greek learning was lost or forgotten in Western Europe after about AD 600. From c. 800, Muslim Arab leaders sponsored translations into Arabic of Greek works by Aristotle, Ptolemy, Galen, and others. A major center of such work was the ‘ House of Wisdom ’ in Baghdad, led by Hunayn ibn Ishaq, c. 850. Arabic scholars such as ibn-Sina (Avicenna) , Uzbekistan, 980–1037, and ibn-Rushd (Averroës) , Spain, 1126–1198 produced elaborate commentaries on Greek writings and many original medical, scientific, and philosophical works. From c. 1100, Latin Christian scholars such as Adelard of Bath, c. 1120, and Gerard of Cremona, c. 1175, sought out Arabic versions of Greek texts and
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Unformatted text preview: translated them into Latin. Main centers of contact and translation were in Spain, Southern Italy, and Sicily. First European universities appeared in late 1100s and early 1200s at Bologna, Padua, Paris, Oxford, and other centers. Their main purpose was to facilitate the assimilation of ancient learning. Most offered instruction in four faculties: theology — ‘Queen of the Sciences’ medicine law ‘arts’ — largest of the faculties; preparatory to others; focused on logic After initial controversies, Aristotle’s teachings acquired great prestige in medieval Europe; St. Thomas Aquinas (c.1225–1274) and others developed a Christianized version of Aristotelianism that, as ‘ scholasticism ,’ provided the foundation for most later medieval European thought....
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