Unformatted text preview: translated them into Latin. Main centers of contact and translation were in Spain, Southern Italy, and Sicily. First European universities appeared in late 1100s and early 1200s at Bologna, Padua, Paris, Oxford, and other centers. Their main purpose was to facilitate the assimilation of ancient learning. Most offered instruction in four faculties: theology — ‘Queen of the Sciences’ medicine law ‘arts’ — largest of the faculties; preparatory to others; focused on logic After initial controversies, Aristotle’s teachings acquired great prestige in medieval Europe; St. Thomas Aquinas (c.1225–1274) and others developed a Christianized version of Aristotelianism that, as ‘ scholasticism ,’ provided the foundation for most later medieval European thought....
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- Spring '11
- History, St. Thomas Aquinas, Latin Christian scholars, Hunayn Ibn Ishaq, Muslim Arab leaders