SR-11-Bacon-expt-1 - from general principles Bacon...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Francis Bacon and the experimental philosophy Francis Bacon (1561–1626) — English lawyer, statesman and philosopher; Lord Chancellor of England (1618–21). His father was a high official in Queen Elizabeth’s government; his mother was a learned Puritan. In his ‘spare time,’ Bacon wrote many books and essays on natural philosophy, some left incomplete at his death: The Advancement of Learning (1605) The Great Instauration , including the ‘New Organon’ (1620) The New Atlantis (1626) Bacon denounced traditional Aristotelianism as empty words, incapable of producing new knowledge . He promoted discovery ; saw ‘enlarging the bounds of human empire’ as both a practical and religious duty. In contrast to Aristotle’s syllogistic method, which sought to prove particular truths
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: from general principles, Bacon advocated an inductive method meant to carry us from particular facts to general truths; laid out systematic empiricism , based on a deliberate experimentation . Experiments were key to extracting secrets of Nature, increasing our knowledge and harnessing the powers of nature to human purposes. Warned against ‘idols’ of self-deception: • projecting human concerns onto Nature; • letting our personal interests distort our thinking; • focusing on words rather than on things; • letting adherence to received philosophical systems divert us from recognizing the relations inherent in the things themselves....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online