SR-11-Bacon-expt-1 - from general principles, Bacon...

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Francis Bacon and the experimental philosophy Francis Bacon (1561–1626) — English lawyer, statesman and philosopher; Lord Chancellor of England (1618–21). His father was a high official in Queen Elizabeth’s government; his mother was a learned Puritan. In his ‘spare time,’ Bacon wrote many books and essays on natural philosophy, some left incomplete at his death: The Advancement of Learning (1605) The Great Instauration , including the ‘New Organon’ (1620) The New Atlantis (1626) Bacon denounced traditional Aristotelianism as empty words, incapable of producing new knowledge . He promoted discovery ; saw ‘enlarging the bounds of human empire’ as both a practical and religious duty. In contrast to Aristotle’s syllogistic method, which sought to prove particular truths
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Unformatted text preview: from general principles, Bacon advocated an inductive method meant to carry us from particular facts to general truths; laid out systematic empiricism , based on a deliberate experimentation . Experiments were key to extracting secrets of Nature, increasing our knowledge and harnessing the powers of nature to human purposes. Warned against idols of self-deception: projecting human concerns onto Nature; letting our personal interests distort our thinking; focusing on words rather than on things; letting adherence to received philosophical systems divert us from recognizing the relations inherent in the things themselves....
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This note was uploaded on 06/16/2011 for the course HIS 322 taught by Professor Hunt during the Spring '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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