His322 Collaboration - OrganizingScience:Societies,Academies,andthePublic Organizing science Societies Academies and the public New homes for

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Organizing Science: Societies, Academies, and the Public Organizing science: Societies, Academies, and the public: New homes for science outside universities: Accademia dei Lincei (Lincean Academy or ‘Academy of the Lynxes’ ), Rome; founded 1603 by Federico Cesi; added Galileo in 1611; focused on natural history and Galilean physics; broke up after Cesi’s death in 1630. Accademia del Cimento (‘Academy of Experiment’) , Florence; founded 1657 by Prince Leopold de Medici. Promoted experimentation; broke up around 1667. — Friar Marin Mersenne (1588–1648), Paris; ‘one-man scientific journal,’ circulated scientific information throughout Europe. — Montmor Academy (1640s–50s), Paris; fashionable scientific salon, run by Pierre Gassendi . Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge (1660–present); founded by English Baconians. Secured royal charter from King Charles II in 1662, but remained amateur and self-supporting. — Thomas Sprat, History of the Royal Society of London (1667), sought to explain and justify the new society; presented its work as useful and uncontentious. Académie Royale des Sciences (Royal Academy of Sciences), Paris (1666– present). Elite group of professionals recruited from throughout Europe and paid by French state; combination of expert consultants and ornaments of the court. Initially it did relatively little to support the development of science outside its own ranks. Themes: Method: Bacon and Boyle’s experimentalism versus Descartes and Hobbe’s rationalism; Newtonian laws versus Cartesian Hypotheses Motion: Newton formulates mathematical laws of force and motion Organization: new socieites and academies gave sciences a home outside of the universities; new avenues for shits… Scientific Research wasn’t a wide profession. 75 people in 1700 that do physics. There wasn’t that much of a distinction between scientist and philosopher.
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Most people were educated in the University, but then sought the court or other places as better platforms. New homes for science outside universities: There was an increasing population of urban intellectual literate upper sector citizens. Galileo wrote books in Italian: Shift of language of learning from Latin to more vernacular language. How did they get together? -They began to form academies or parallel groups. Accademia dei Lincei (Lincean Academy or ‘Academy of the Lynxes’ ), Rome; founded 1603 by Federico Cesi; added Galileo in 1611; focused on natural history and Galilean physics; broke up after Cesi’s death in 1630. Galileo had his Letter on Sunspots published through this academy. -Federico was son of wealthy guy. He wanted to draw together and collect things from new worlds and new sciences. -Group became significant after recruiting Galileo in 1610.
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This note was uploaded on 06/16/2011 for the course HIS 322 taught by Professor Hunt during the Spring '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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His322 Collaboration - OrganizingScience:Societies,Academies,andthePublic Organizing science Societies Academies and the public New homes for

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