Psychology Notes Chapter 1

Psychology Notes Chapter 1 - 2 versions of behavior ism T...

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Unformatted text preview: 2 versions of behavior ism T HE L I FE-SPAN PERSPECT IVE Development- the pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through human life span. I t includes both growth and decline ( dying). What is the importance of studying life- span development?- I t helps prepare us to take responsibility for children- (the more you learn about them, the better you can deal with them), gives us insight about our own lives- (as an infant a child, an adolescent.) and gives us knowledge about what our live will be like as we age. (as a middle aged adult or as an adult of old age) T raditional approach emphasizes extensive change from birth to adolescence, little to no change in adulthood, and decline in old age. Life- span approach- emphasizes development change throughout childhood and adulthood. Life- span: based on the oldest age documented. Currently 122 years. Life expectancy: average number of years that a person can expect to live. Currently 78 years. How does life span perspective view development? Lifelong early adulthood is not the endpoint of development. // No age period dominates. Multidimensional- consists of biological, cognitive and socioemotional dimensions. Multiple components within each dimension. Example: Bomber had biological events in infancy was believed to warp the developments of her the bombers mind and emotions. Multidirectional- Some dimensions (or components of a dimension) expand, and others shrink Example: English is acquired early in development the capacity for acquiring second and third languages (Spanish & Chinese) decreases later in development. Plastic- Plasticity : capacity for change// we possess less capacity for change when we become old. Example: Can we still improve our intellectual skills when you are in your 70s or 80s? Multidisciplinary- Development is of interest to psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, neuroscientists, and medical researchers Example: How do your heredity and health limit your intelligence? Contextua l- All development occurs within a context (setting) Ex: Family, school, churches. Each setting is influenced by historical, economic, social, and cultural factors Contexts exert three types of influences: Normative age-graded influences: similar for individuals in a particular age group Example : Puberty and menopause. Normative history-graded influences: common to people of a particular generation because of historical circumstances Example: Baby boomers shared the experience of the Cuban missile crisis, the assassination of John F. Kennedy, and the Beatles invasion. Non-normative life events: unusual occurrences that have a major impact on the individuals life Example : the death of a parent, when a child is young, a fire that destroys a house, winning the lottery, etc....
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This note was uploaded on 06/19/2011 for the course ENGL 1101 taught by Professor Sadre-orafai during the Spring '08 term at Kennesaw.

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Psychology Notes Chapter 1 - 2 versions of behavior ism T...

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