Chapter 4 Qns - Pavlov developed procedures for _...

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Pavlov developed procedures for ______ conditioning to study the ______ reflex. a) operant; eye blink b) operant; salivary c) classical; eye blink d) classical; salivary Which of the following would most likely be considered a reflexive stimulus for an increase in heart rate? a) a rain shower b) a sunny day c) perspiration on a hot day d) a clap of thunder In Pavlov's experiment, CS is to CR as ______ is to ______. a) food; salivation b) salivation; food c) tone; salivation d) salivation; tone In trace conditioning: a) the CS remains on until after the UCS is presented. b) the UCS remains on until after the CS is presented. c) the CS precedes but is removed before the UCS is presented. d) the UCS precedes but is removed before the CS is presented. In the Little Albert study, fear of the white rat is the ______ as fear of the loud noise is the ______. a) CR; CS b) UCR; CR c) CS; UCS d) CR; UCR
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Extinction is the disappearance of the: a) unconditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus no longer precedes the unconditioned response. b) conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus no longer follows the conditioned stimulus. c) unconditioned response when the conditioned stimulus no longer follows the unconditioned stimulus. d) conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus no longer precedes the conditioned stimulus. Caroline became extremely nauseous on a recent airplane trip because significant air turbulence produced a very bumpy ride. Several months after this, Caroline was surprised to feel nauseous when she saw a picture of an airplane in a magazine. According to the principles of classical conditioning, Caroline is likely experiencing which of the following? a) acquisition b) spontaneous recovery c) generalization d) both spontaneous recovery and generalization Generalization leads to the CR being given to a ______ set of stimuli and discrimination leads to the CR being given to a ______ set of stimuli. a) narrower; narrower b) narrower; broader c) broader; narrower d) broader; broader After a response has been classically conditioned, learning to give the CR only to the original CS best illustrates which of the following? a) spontaneous recovery b) discrimination c) generalization d) extinction To study learning, I worked with cats in puzzle boxes, leading to the development of my Law of Effect. Who am I? a) Ivan Pavlov
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b) B. F. Skinner c) Edward Thorndike d) Edwin Twitmyer According to Thorndike's Law of Effect: a) the extent of learning is a function of the degree of association between associated stimuli. b) any behavior preceded by negative stimuli is likely to be extinguished. c) any behavior that results in negative consequences is likely to be extinguished. d) learning only occurs when a given behavior produces a positive consequence.
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This note was uploaded on 06/19/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Laporte during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Plattsburgh.

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Chapter 4 Qns - Pavlov developed procedures for _...

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