breastcancerfall08

breastcancerfall08 - Care Care ofthePatientwith...

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Care  Care  of the Patient with  of the Patient with  Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Susan Hampson Susan Hampson
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Let’s Get Started! Let’s Get Started! Most common type of cancer in women in  the USA Women account for 99% of cases 70% of new cases occur in women over  age 50
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Breast Cancer: Breast Cancer: Etiology/Risk Factors Etiology/Risk Factors Heredity (Genetics) Mutations occur in either BRCA-1 or BRCA-2  gene These are tumor suppressor genes Mutations of these genes cause 10-40% of all  inherited breast cancers Mutations of these genes associated with  early onset of disease
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Breast Cancer: Breast Cancer: Risk Factors Risk Factors Female gender Age 50 years or older Family history Personal history Early menarche, late menopause First pregnancy over age 30 or nulliparity Weight gain after menopause
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Breast Cancer: Breast Cancer: Pathophysiology Pathophysiology Arises from epithelial lining of ducts or  lobules Can be invasive or in situ Prognosis determined by Size of tumor Axillary node involvement Tumor differentiation Receptor status: HER and Hormonal
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Types of Breast Cancer Types of Breast Cancer Infiltrating Ductal 63-68% of cases Infiltrating Lobular 10-15% of cases Noninvasive 22% of cases Involves ductal carcinoma in situ
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Breast Cancer: Breast Cancer: Prevention/Screening Prevention/Screening SBE (Self breast Exam) Yearly clinical breast exam Baseline mammogram age 40 Yearly mammogram age 40 on…
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breastcancerfall08 - Care Care ofthePatientwith...

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