IBD Sp09 sue

IBD Sp09 sue - InflammatoryBowelDisease: UlcerativeColitis...

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    Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Ulcerative Colitis Crohn’s Disease Susan Hampson
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    Inflammatory Bowel Disease Characterized by chronic , recurrent inflammation of the intestinal tract Periods of remission and exacerbation Cause is unknown No cure Treatment relies on medications to treat inflammation and maintain remission
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    Inflammatory Bowel Disease May occur at any age Peaks between ages 15 and 25 years Equally affects both sexes Autoimmune disease Antigen initiates the inflammation; tissue damage results from inappropriate sustained immune response Genetic and environmental factors play a role
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    Inflammatory Bowel Disease Ulcerative Colitis Inflammation and ulceration of the colon and rectum Beginning in the rectum and spreading up the colon in a continuous pattern Inflammation and ulcerations occur in mucosa and submucosa Crohn’s Disease Inflammation of segments of the GI tract Can affect any part of the GI tract from the mouth to the anus Most often seen in the terminal ileum and colon Inflammation involves all layers of the bowel wall
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    Inflammatory Bowel Disease Ulcerative Colitis Multiple abscesses develop in the intestinal glands Abscesses break through into the submucosa, leaving ulcerations causing Bleeding and diarrhea Fluid and electrolyte losses Protein loss Pseudopolyps Crohn’s Disease Skip lesions Segments of normal bowel occurring between diseased portions Ulcerations penetrate between islands of inflamed edematous mucosa, causing the classic cobblestone appearance Bowel Obstruction Peritonitis Fistulas
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  Inflammatory Bowel Disease Chronic disorder with mild to severe acute exacerbations May occur at unpredictable intervals over many
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This note was uploaded on 06/20/2011 for the course NURS 344 taught by Professor Hampson during the Spring '11 term at St. Xavier.

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IBD Sp09 sue - InflammatoryBowelDisease: UlcerativeColitis...

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