Bio 260 Skeletal System _3_ Joints (articulations)

Bio 260 Skeletal System _3_ Joints (articulations) - Bio...

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1 Bio 260 Joints (Articulations)
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2 Joints Articulations Arthrology Kinesiology How named? 2 classifications freedom of movement how adjacent bones are joined
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Classification of Joints - all joints have a functional classification and a structural classification - functional classification: - based on the amount of movement occurring at the joint - include synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses Page 253
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- synarthroses : - nonmovable - amphiarthroses: - slightly movable - diarthroses: - freely movable
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- structural classifications: - based on what binds the bones together - include bony joints, fibrous joints, cartilaginous joints, and synovial joints
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6 Structural classifications: Bony (syntosis) Fibrous (synarthrosis) Cartilaginous Synovial
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7 Fibrous Tooth to jawbone Cartilaginous Rib to sternum Synovial Phalanx to phalanx Cranial bones Bony
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8 Synovial joint anatomy Articular (joint) cavity Synovial fluid = albumin + hyaluronic acid Articular cartilage
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Bio 260 Skeletal System _3_ Joints (articulations) - Bio...

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