Epidemiology MidtermReview

Epidemiology MidtermReview - DiseaseDetectivesEPID2010

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Disease Detectives EPID 2010 Fall 2009: Dr. Claire Robb, Ph.D., MPH MIDTERM 1 REVIEW SHEET 1 Be familiar with: Characteristics of epidemiology as a science Population focus Determinants Outcomes Quantification Control of Health Problems Epidemic “The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness, specific health-related  behavior, or other health-related events clearly  in excess of normal expectancy.” Pandemic “An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, crossing international  boundaries, and usually affecting a large number of people.” Population “All the inhabitants of a given country or area considered together.” Epidemiologic transition Describes a shift in the patterns of morbidity and mortality from causes related primarily  to infectious and communicable diseases to causes associated with chronic, degenerative  diseases Primary, secondary tertiary prevention Primary: before the disease occurs Secondary: during progression of the disease Tertiary: during later stages of the disease Incidence  Refers to the occurrence of  new  disease or mortality within a defined period of  observation (e.g., a week, month, year, or other time period) in a specified population.
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This note was uploaded on 06/21/2011 for the course EPID 2010 taught by Professor Robb during the Spring '10 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Epidemiology MidtermReview - DiseaseDetectivesEPID2010

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