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Soc 120 week 4 assignment

Soc 120 week 4 assignment - Allen Cordell Evolutions of...

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Allen Cordell Evolutions of Formal Organizations SOC/120 Jill Raichel 6/10/11
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This paper is based on the simple idea that formal organizations with conventional, bureaucratic organizational structure may benefit by adapting to a more flexible organizational structure. Areas to be explored are the evolution of formal organizations over the past century, differences between formal and informal organizations, trends in formal organizations; characteristics needed for formal organizations to evolve and researched material on the trends in formal organizations.Organizations have and keep steadily evolving over the past century. A large change in the structure of formal organizations have changed the traditional value system of organizations into a modern style organizational system. Businesses have integrated to a modern flexible organizational structure. Formal organizations are now more profitable and employees earn higher wages because of the profit increase. Also consumers take advantage of the rewards purchasing lower priced products. If people study the differences in organizations over a century ago, compared to today’s organizations, they will notice these changes. Formal organizations were set up centuries ago. Early empires were governed by the privileged who implemented chain of command procedures and inflexible policies. Organizations were traditional and conservative with values and beliefs that were carried down from generation to generation. Chain of command consisted of the CEO, top executives, division leaders, middle managers, and rank-and-file workers. Each position within the rank structure was distinct and specialized with clearly defined rules and regulations governing all personnel within the organization. Groups were organized to achieve specific goals with the highest efficiency. Efficiency was believed to be achieved through careful selection during the hiring process. Each group had specialized professions from supervisors to file workers and all positions were based on technical competence. Positions were also based on patterns of privilege and exclusion i.e. women and minorities were excluded from higher ranking positions. Communications were typically formal and in writing rather than face –to-face. This kept personal relations to a minimum, helped preserve the rank structure, and sustain task-orientation among employees. Modern organizations of the 21st century have evolved into a more open and flexible organizational structure. Organizations are shaped more by teamwork than traditional leadership standards. Chain of command consist of the CEO, senior managers and numerous, competing work teams. This open organization allows for flexibility in leadership and cooperation between personnel within the organization.
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