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Review for test2WES - Wallace Examples of Evolution HIV...

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How populations evolve (Chapter 13): Concepts: Evolution (macroevolution and microevolution), Natural Selection (including the observations and inferences that lead to this process), Artificial Selection, Adaptation, homologous structures, vestigial structures, Population, Gene Pool, polymorphism, mutation (source of all heritable variation), gene flow, genetic drift, bottleneck and founder effects, inbreeding (how it reduces genetic variation and increases the frequency of genetic disorders in the phenotype and affects endangered species), directional selection, stabilizing selection, disruptive selection, stabilizing selection, frequency dependent selection, sexual selection (intrasexual and intersexual), sexual dimorphism, alternative mating strategies, units of evolution (=populations NOT individuals). Names (known their contribution) & examples (know how they support a theory): Charles Darwin (know also voyage of the H.M.S Beagle, where did it go and what was the evidence that Darwin found during this trip supporting Evolution), Alfred Russell
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Unformatted text preview: Wallace. Examples of Evolution: HIV resistance and Peppered moth example. Origin of species (Chapter 14): Concepts: taxonomy, species (different concepts: biological, morphological, ecological, phylogenetic), Prezygotic and Postzygotic barriers (know ALL of them), speciation (allopatric and sympatric), polyploidy, adaptive radiation. Examples : Evolution of the eye as a complex structure. Tracing evolutionary history (Chapter 15): Concepts: geological record (know in general what it is, NOT the different periods), radiometric dating, plate tectonics, Pangea, Cretaceous mass extinction (evidence and posterior diversification), phylogeny, shared derived and primitive characters (definition and know also which provides evidence of relationships), systematics, clade (=monophyletic group), molecular clock, and molecular systematics. Also know how convergent evolution and adaptive radiation can mislead phylogenies based on morphological data....
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