Classical - The Classical Period 1750-1820 The Classical...

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The Classical Period 1750-1820
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The Classical Period Time-line: Seven Years’ War-1756-1763 Louis XVI in France-1774-1792 Am. Declaration of Independence-1776 French Revolution-1789 Napoleon: first French consul-1799 Napoleonic Wars-1803-1815 Goethe: Faust -1808 Austin: Pride and Prejudice -1813
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The Classical Era Scientific advances changed world view Faith in the power of reason Undermining of traditional authority Social organization Religious establishment Age of Enlightenment Rise of the middle class worker
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The Classical Style Music and visual arts stress balance and structure Three main composers: Joseph Haydn Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Ludwig van Beethoven
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Contrast of Mood Characteristics of the Classical Style Contrast both between & within movements Flexibility of rhythm Multiple rhythmic patterns in a piece Melody Dynamics Tuneful, easy to sing, folk/popular-based Emotions expressed in shades of dynamics Use of gradual dynamic changes Related to development of the piano Texture Mostly homophonic, but with frequent shifts
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Standardization of instrumentation The Classical Orchestra Increase in size of orchestra Still smaller than that of today Composers made use of the various timbres available
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Instrumental works usually in multi- movement form Classical Forms Frequently four movements 1 st —Fast 2 nd —Slow Multi-movement works for instrumental groups: Symphony—for orchestra String quartet—2 violins, viola, & cello Sonata—usually for one or two instruments 3 rd —Dance-related 4 th —Fast
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Composer, Patron, and Public in the Classical Period
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