HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY
Hispanic American Diversity
In the United States more than one in eight people are of Spanish or Latin American
origin (Schaefer 2006). The Hispanic population was the largest ethnic or race group averaging
at 14.5 million people as of July 1, 2007 according to the infoplease web site (2007). The
Hispanic population makes up 15% of the nation’s population. According to the Census Bureau,
by 2050 the Hispanic population will grow to 132.8 million people (infoplease 2007). We think
of the Hispanic or Latino population as the same, but they are actually very diverse. 64% of this
population is Mexican Americans, 9% are Puerto Ricans, 3.4% are Cubans, 3.1% are
Salvadorans, and 2.8% are Dominicans (inforplease 2007). The other population is of other
Central and Southern American descent. In this paper, I will be discussing Dominicans, Puerto
Ricans, Cubans, and Mexican Americans. I will be telling you about their linguistic, political,
social, economic, religious, and familiar conventions.
The Dominican Americans are from the Dominican Republic and the 5
Hispanic group in the Unites States. Migration occurred in 1960, due to political and economic
chaos. These people mainly migrated to the East Coast cities. This group is a mix of European,
African, and Taino Indian ancestry (Wikipedia 2009). Their domestic language is Spanish, which
is similar to Puerto Rican and Cuban Spanish but does have differences in their dialect.
Dominicans practice different types of religion such as Protestantism, Islam, Judaism, Afro-
Caribbean, and Catholic religions (Wikipedia 2009).
Traditionally the family structure is patriarchal, however more Dominican women
are taking charge of the households and have become breadwinners. Many Dominican
Americans are young, first generation immigrants that do not have a high education since many