Hispanic Americans

Hispanic Americans - Running head: HISPANIC AMERICAN...

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Running head: HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 1 Hispanic American Diversity Katie McIntyre ETH/125 6-19-2011
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HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 2 Hispanic American Diversity In the United States more than one in eight people are of Spanish or Latin American origin (Schaefer 2006). The Hispanic population was the largest ethnic or race group averaging at 14.5 million people as of July 1, 2007 according to the infoplease web site (2007). The Hispanic population makes up 15% of the nation’s population. According to the Census Bureau, by 2050 the Hispanic population will grow to 132.8 million people (infoplease 2007). We think of the Hispanic or Latino population as the same, but they are actually very diverse. 64% of this population is Mexican Americans, 9% are Puerto Ricans, 3.4% are Cubans, 3.1% are Salvadorans, and 2.8% are Dominicans (inforplease 2007). The other population is of other Central and Southern American descent. In this paper, I will be discussing Dominicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and Mexican Americans. I will be telling you about their linguistic, political, social, economic, religious, and familiar conventions. Dominican Americans The Dominican Americans are from the Dominican Republic and the 5 th largest Hispanic group in the Unites States. Migration occurred in 1960, due to political and economic chaos. These people mainly migrated to the East Coast cities. This group is a mix of European, African, and Taino Indian ancestry (Wikipedia 2009). Their domestic language is Spanish, which is similar to Puerto Rican and Cuban Spanish but does have differences in their dialect. Dominicans practice different types of religion such as Protestantism, Islam, Judaism, Afro- Caribbean, and Catholic religions (Wikipedia 2009). Traditionally the family structure is patriarchal, however more Dominican women are taking charge of the households and have become breadwinners. Many Dominican Americans are young, first generation immigrants that do not have a high education since many
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HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 3 came from the Dominican rural countryside. The second generations of Dominicans are overwhelming and more educated than the first generation, as reflected by their higher incomes and employment in skilled or professional occupations (Buffington, 2008). When it comes to politics, over two dozen Dominicans are elected state legislators, county legislators, and council members throughout the U.S. Dominican Americans living in the U.S. traditionally are passionately involved in politics back home. However they are not as inclined to take active part in U.S. politics as are other Hispanic groups such as Cuban
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Hispanic Americans - Running head: HISPANIC AMERICAN...

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