Unit6_TheBureaucracy - 1 Unit 6 The Bureaucracy Current...

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1 Unit 6: The Bureaucracy Current Controversies: FDA, EPA and SSA The Politicization of the Bureaucracy John Maynard Keynes, economist: “Government machinery has been described as a marvelous labor saving device which enables ten men to do the work of one.” Hyman Rickover, Admiral “If you are going to sin, sin against God, not the bureaucracy. God will forgive you but the bureaucracy won't.” Expected Outcomes : To understand the evolution of the federal bureaucracy and its role in American society; to understand the politicization of the bureaucracy; and to critically evaluate important bureaucratic decisions. Unit 6 Overview Bureaucracy is a necessary part of any complex society, as bureaucracies organize, compartmentalize and standardize the many tasks required of modern society: garbage collection; road maintenance; the issuance of drivers’ licenses; the maintenance of clean water; national defense; immigration, etc… The United States now has 300 million people, a growth that has fueled the size of the federal bureaucracy. Also, the federal government occupies an increasingly central role in American life, meaning that bureaucracy is getting larger. Indeed, the federal bureaucracy has become so large and complex that it is sometimes referred to as the “fourth branch of government.” A “bureaucracy” is a term employed to refer to governmental bureaus or departments which are part of the executive branch (under the authority of the president) but mostly staffed with non-elected officials. Bureaucracies are compartmentalized, marked by a hierarchical authority among numerous offices and by fixed “standard operating procedures.”
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2 Most political scientists recognize that bureaucracies are inherently expansive, that is, they seek to grow into the future. Clearly, the federal bureaucracy in Washington DC has grown enormously since the New Deal and World War II. Americans tend to dislike bureaucracy, but many are also dependent upon their services, and even the general public depends upon a functioning Food and Drug Administration, for example. As data reveal, the federal bureaucracy has grown substantially over the past 60 decades – far outstripping the growth rate of the US population. The following is a list of executive departments, many of which have more departments under its internal administration. Executive Departments Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce (DOC) Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education (ED) Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Department of Justice (DOJ) Department of Labor (DOL) Department of State (DOS) Department of the Interior (DOI) Department of the Treasury Department of Transportation (DOT) Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Of these, the Department of Homeland Security is the largest agency because it assimilated pre-existing ones under an umbrella department:
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Unit6_TheBureaucracy - 1 Unit 6 The Bureaucracy Current...

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