Unit7_PublicPolicy - 1 Unit 7: Politics and the Economy The...

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1 Unit 7: Politics and the Economy The Political Economy of the United States The Entitlement Society Versus Corporate Welfare Globalization and Outsourcing “If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In forming a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself”. The Federalist Papers No. 51 Expected Outcomes : To understand the political economy of the United States and to critically evaluate various theories and approaches regarding the pressing and controversial economic issues of today. Unit 7 Overview Politics is partly the business of determining “who gets what, when, and how,” so it is important to consider several macro-economic issues in any introductory course to American government and politics. This area of study can be considered “political economy.” Labor laws, entitlement programs, corporate welfare, globalization and outsourcing are all considered in this unit. 7.1 Background. Public Administration , especially in the United States, was built on a rigid theory of hierarchy and authority that was clear and straightforward. Modern Public Administration began with the Industrial Age when increasing corporate power and social influence created a new demand for stronger government at all levels. This movement pursued administrative efficiency and politically accountable strategies that solve public problems at the lowest cost to the taxpayers; a principal of technical professionalism and political neutrality. This ostensibly caused a policy dilemma for lawmakers: How much government would be strong enough to handle corporate modernization without stifling economic growth?. Over time, the Great Depression, World War II, and post war efforts further
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2 amplified the need for a pragmatic and intellectual approach to Public Administration in order to prevent a reemerging crisis. During the 1960s, the focus of administrative theory shifted from organizational structure to human interaction. Public Management became a new approach as the public policy movement assumed that Public Administration had reached a dead-end. Public policy began focusing on public decisions and individual policy areas. At the time, public policy attempted to improve the performance of various public programs and to make public managers more effective in managing these programs. In reviewing Public Policy, external factors that drive reform or change can include: Politics Economics/Financial Social Needs Technology Environmental Needs Legal/Legislative With the aforementioned in mind , ‘ Public policy refers to the actions taken by government — its decisions that are intended to solve problems and improve the quality of life for its citizens. At the federal
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This note was uploaded on 06/18/2011 for the course POLS 210 taught by Professor Prof.wood during the Spring '11 term at American Public University.

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Unit7_PublicPolicy - 1 Unit 7: Politics and the Economy The...

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