WATER PLANET STUDY GUIDE
CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15
What makes the "Earth System Study" different than traditional scientific disciplines?
-traditional scientific disciplines- study the earth was in separate units in isolation from
-In the earth system study approach, the earth is studied as a whole and is views as a
system of many separate, but interacting parts.
-Earth system science is the study of the whole earth as a system and focuses on the
changes within and between those parts (atmosphere, hydrosphere, biospshere,
What are the different components of the earth's system?
-atmosphere- mixture of gases, predominantly nitrogen, oxygen, argon, carbon dioxide
and water vapor, that surrounds the earth. ACNOW
-hydrosphere- includes all of earth’s water, except for water vapor in the atmosphere
-biospshere- all of earth’s organisms and any organic material not yet decomposed
-geosphere- the solid earth, composed of mostly rock and the regolith.
-regolith- the irregular blanket of loose, uncemented rock particles that covers the
What processes led to the formation of the different chemical elements in the solar
- nucleosynthesis- it formed clouds of hydrogen, helium, and lithium
-nuclear fusion is the energy-producing process taking place continuously in sun
What is an atom? An element? Compound? Mineral?
-atom- smallest particle of an element that can exist either alone or in combination with
-base of all chemical compounds
-element- aka chemical elements- the most fundamental substances in which matter can
be separate by ordinary chemical means
-compound- one or more kinds of anion combine with one or more kinds of cation in a
-mineral- any naturally formed solid chemical element or chemical compound having a
definite composition and a characteristic crystal structure
What are the most abundant elements in Earth, the ocean, and the atmosphere?
-oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, and calcium. (in order, O and Si are the most)
What processes led to the evolution of the solar system?
-Planetary accretion: A small amount of matter of the solar nebula formed outer, smaller
systems revolving around the sun.