Support for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
TBI is a caused by injury to the head usually either
in the form of a blow to the head, a bullet, or
shattering pieces of the skull entering into the brain
causing nerve fibers to be torn or cut and the brain
to bleed causing pressure to build up on the brain.
TBI can affect movement, behavior, thoughts , and
TBI is sometime fatal but some do survive.
When an individual survives this type of injury they
require assistive technology to live, communicate,
eat, play, and tend to personal care issues.
Some symptoms of TBI can be as mild as
headaches, short times of unconsciousness,
memory loss of events before or after the event,
confusion, dizziness, blurred vision, bad taste in
mouth, and ringing in the ears causing hearing loss,
mood changes, and concentration problems.
However, some symptoms of TBI can be as
moderate to severe as vomiting, seizures, comma,
slurred speech, lack of coordination, aggressive,
and dilated pupils in either one eye or both.
Children usually have different symptoms which
can include refusal to eat, cranky, does not want to
move much, different sleep patterns or lack of
sleep, and no interest in toys or other usual
Fig 1: According to Gregory, Sitzmnn, and Kohn
(n.d.), this picture is of “a traumatic brain injury