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022410 (Socioemotional Selectivity Theory)

022410 (Socioemotional Selectivity Theory) - Socioemotional...

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Socioemotional Selectivity Theory – concentrates on time in the future I. Overview Nomothetic Laws If a behavior is rewarded, the behavior will be acted more. Punishment will decrease same behavior in the future. Nomethetic Laws explain how we all are same. We all want to minimize pain and maximize pleasure Idiographic Laws explains how we are all unique. We have different ways to get pleasure and minimize pain Psychologists try to explain how we are all same at one level and all unique in a different level. Socioemotional Selectivity Theory combines both nomothetic laws and idiographic laws Social Cognition Psychologists have not taken time into account well enough. Socioemotional Selectivity Theory tries to embed the temporal dimension into social cognition When contemplating life we inevitably assume the presence of an internal clock. Wound to zero at birth, it incessantly and inherently ticks away during our entire terrestrial tenure. So solid are these concepts in our mind that we have coined the term “life span” to denote its boundaries. (John Medina, 1996) Time during my life is special. My time starts when I was born and ends when I die. The future or the past does not matter to my psychological mind I often feel that death is not the enemy of life, but its friend, for it is the knowledge that our years are limited which makes them so precious. (Rabbi Joshua Liebman, 1961) Death creates the urgency. This gives energy and motivation. We take things more seriously. Scholars of theoretical physics, anthropology, astronomy, and philosophy have written extensively about people’s perception of time; in contrast, psychologists have remained conspicuously silent on the topic. (Laura Carstensen, 1999) Telescoping “Since the semester began…” “Since your birthday…” these phrases are calling for mind land mark. These land marks make us feel like the time seems shorter. “6 months” feels longer than “Since last semester” which was 6 months ago Self reports are fraud when asked “How many times have you had something stolen in the past three years?” people would say 6 times, but in fact it was once 5 years ago. This happens because people think about the event all the time. One minute feels long when we don’t really do anything. Time flies when we are engaged and interested Three important things 1) The perception of time plays a fundamental role in the selection and pursuit of social goals 2) Social motives fall into two general categories a) Acquisition of knowledge want to learn something new b) The regulation of emotion want to feel good 3) When time is perceived as open ended we tend to focus on knowledge related goals. When time is perceived as limited, we focus on emotional goals In general rule, when we are young, we tend to focus on knowledge related goals because we have the whole life to benefit from the knowledge. (We want to learn how to buy a cheap
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