030510 (Happiness from a Historical Perspective)

030510 (Happiness from a Historical Perspective) - III....

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III.Happiness from a Historical Perspective A. Sophicles “Not to be born is best at all” B. “Our pains greatly exceed our pleasure, human life is not at all a valuable gift” C. Samuel Johnson “We are not born for happiness” D. Most people are simply unhappy most of the time E. 1996 Dennis Holly interviewed many mental physicians believed that 1 in 5 of all Americans are happy. 1990 Artubal Heart I would have thought that the proportion was much lower than 1 to 5. John Powel One third of all Americans wake up depressed. 10 ~ 15% truly think they are happy. F. Why is happiness so hard to achieve? IV. Evolutionary Processes every person is an evolutionary success story. We all are end products of long chain of ancestors who have succeeded to survive and reproduce. We have received the traits that they acquired for success. A. Discrepancies Between Modern and Ancestral Environments i. Our environments have changed much rapidly compared to ourselves evolving, which take millions of years. When we were born, internet was not widely used. Some people were born when there were no cars. ii. David Buss Modern technology gives people ability to remove pain and Darwin inhibitors of survival. Heating system to remove coldness. Modern environments also caused some illnesses. We over-consume fat and sugars because of the food are so cheap. This led to clogged artery and heart diseases. iii.Evol. Psych. Suggests modern psychological environment can cause illness. Psychologists believe that it is better to be in small groups for survival. 50~200 people. Most modern humans live in urban areas, surrounded by thousands of people. iv. Ancestral people knew everyone in their group. We are bombarded by media images. We might be thinking “why isn’t my wife as beautiful as the person in TV?” Ancestral people lived in larger family (grandmother, cousin, niece…) We live only with out immediate family. These large discrepencies from the lives of ancestors,
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This note was uploaded on 06/19/2011 for the course PSYCH 353 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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030510 (Happiness from a Historical Perspective) - III....

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