031510 (Beck’s Cognitive Theory of Depression)

031510 (Beck’s Cognitive Theory of...

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IV. Beck’s Cognitive Theory of Depression A. Theoretical Model i. The negative Cognitive Triad is the Primary Feature of Depression 1. 3 of secondary symptoms of depression A. Somatic Disturbances – can’t sleep or sleep too much. Unusual amounts of weight gain or loss. B. Motivational Disturbances – withdrawal from social life. Lose enjoyment from things you enjoyed before. C. Affective Disturbances – random, intense, unpredictable acts that seems unrelated to environment. You were driving, everything was fine. But all of a sudden you start crying like crazy. 2. Primary symptoms negative beliefs we have about self, the world, and the future ( Negative Cognitive Triad ). Depression is primarily a cognitive disorder, and it is primarily concerned with the three negative self-relevant beliefs. A. Negative belief of themselves when people get depressed, they think that there is something wrong with themselves. “I used to be able to do things fine, but now I can’t do anything right” B. Negative view of the world they are depressed with the current self- situation. They believe that the world is making an unreasonable demand on them. “Nothing ever is good enough for my spouse! I will never be able to satisfy her.” C. Negative view of the future pessimistic of future success. These three are the central features of depression. The secondary symptoms flow from the primary symptoms. We have to deal with the primary symptoms rather than dealing with secondary. (Don’t give sleeping pills for people who can’t sleep because of depression, but fix the problem, not the symptom) ii. The Role of Negative Self-Schemata in the Maintenance of Depression People who have depression always look for the negative side of things. These tendencies fuel the negative cognitive triad. Negative self-schema explains why depressed patients sustain painful thoughts of themselves although it is evident that they have positive things going on in their life. 1. Selective Abstraction Looking at a small bad thing, ignoring lots of good things.
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This note was uploaded on 06/19/2011 for the course PSYCH 353 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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031510 (Beck’s Cognitive Theory of...

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