V. Attributional Models of DepressionA.Learned Helplessness (Abramson)i.When people believe that they cannot do anything to change life, depression sets in. Important life events are out of controlii. Depression is most likely to occur when important life events are out of control and attribute the event internal, global, and stable1.If I fail an exam, it’s because I am stupid (internal), I am stupid at everything not only math (global), I am also going to be stupid tomorrow, next month… (stable)A. Internal attribution worthlessnessB. Global and Stable hopelessness2.Characterological Self-Blame (negative attributional style) pattern of making attributions internal, global and stable. When people consistently make these attributions. This is a diathesis (vulnerability factor) of depressionB.Hopelessness Theory of Depressioni.Thinking that the life problem has a broad implicationii. Hopelessness I am incapable to alter implications of negative eventsC.Empirical Researchi.
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