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Unformatted text preview: Illusion and Well-Being I. Self-Knowledge and Psychological Health A. One Theory: Accurate Self-Lnowledge is Necessary for Psychological Health- Described mentally healthy person as one who can actually perceive themselves accurately without being distorted by other – Understand the strength without distortion- Maslow said healthy are able to accept themselves as imperfect, and accept themselves despite imperfection without bias or self-ideal; they may want to be different but they can deal w/ their current state. (I am not good at math and I understand that)- It is true. (to certain degree) - Is accuracy necessary? B. Empirical Evidence - Normative model – what is true to most people must be happy/normal . What is normative is good.- People who score nearly at 50 th percentage is normal (normal graph) . (people who score at 90th percentile is considered abnormally anxious).- In general, NORMAL is regarded with highest number 1. Accuracy - When it comes to self-knowledge of evaluative factor, many people do not possess entire correct self-view - Most people believe they are better than they really are *Study: Collection of ppl graduated from HS but not yet in college 70% of students rated themselves above the median in leadership (20% have unrealistic thoughts) 60% above median in athletic (10% unrealistic thoughts) 85% above median in getting well along with others - Compar e ppl self-evaluation with neutral observers 1. (Fig. 10.1) Lewinsohn gathered non-depressed and depressed people to talk about certain topics (movies, current event etc) in different groups 2. Asked to rate themselves in 17 items (articulate in expression, how well liked, how warmly were you perceived by other people? etc) 3. Neutral trained observers who were blinded to experimental condition then judged participants 4. Result: Both groups tended to view themselves as more positive than the neutral observers do (non-depressed and depressed). Difference between non-depressed people and neutral observer was much higher than depressed one’s Contrary to Beck’s model – He would say that depressed people are accurate in self-view. Many people tend to overestimate their positivity (especially true for positive people), therefore it argues AGAINST the claim that accurate self-view can improve psychological well-being. (the depressed person will have a more accurate self-view but their psychological well-being will be worse than a non-depressed positive person.) 2. Judgments of Control Ability to accurately perceive their ability to change the environment...
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- Spring '11