Psych 353 Compilation (more notes from others)

Psych 353 Compilation (more notes from others) - I...

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I. Self-knowledge and psychological Helath “an Impartial and objective attitude toward oneself is an impartial understanding of one’s self” “Life is the art of being well deceived and in order that the deception may succeed must be uninterrupted” Hazlet – argues ignorance is bliss, don’t want to know the truth about themselves and better that way to live like t his. A. self-knowledge is necessary for psychological health Theory: to the degree you understand yourself completely, not distorted, objectively, unbias, and then you can make decisions that are best for you. Clinical Psychologists only try to make you understand yourself better to make decisions about yourself. Maslow- healthy person will admit their faults, and accept + organize their life in the most productive way. Complete accuracy is not required for psychological well-being. B. Empirical Evidence 1. Accuracy and bias in self –evaluations -people who score 90% need help 5 th percentile psychopaths, people could watch death and body pulse doesn’t even go up 50% is not too anxious, normal Beck argued people possess negatively bias views of the self, world, and future, the negative triad. + normal people able to look at themselves better. Intelligence, attraction, in those domains people don’t hold accurate self-views but view better than they actually are. College board survey: 1 million people highschool to college 70% of students rated themselves above the median of leadership quality 60% in athletic ability 85% as above in ability to get along with others 20% possess unrealistic in leadership, 10% in athletic ability, and 35% in getting along with others Another Study: normal people vs. depressed engaged in a 20 minute discussion 4 people talk… then switch people again and again and again and after… participants rated themselves on a 17 person scale Ex. How friendly do you think you were Then get rated by experts to examine self-views and how neutral observers viewed them. 2. Judgments of control – over environment events
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We need to know when actions produce outcomes Its important to when our actions produce pos. or negative effects Jenkins + word study: Participants given a series of problems to detect their actions determining an environmental outcomes or not? Ex. Poker table with key pad, every person has to press a button to turn the light on. Half participants light came on randomly, half did but rules were complicated to figure out. There were obvious tendency for control over the light + general tendency to exaggerate their ability – called illusion of control - They believe they can control things much greater than they can actually do. II. Do people really believe they are so wonderful? A. Sample limitations
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Psych 353 Compilation (more notes from others) - I...

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