a16-mcdonald - 16 Proactive Displays: Supporting Awareness...

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Unformatted text preview: 16 Proactive Displays: Supporting Awareness in Fluid Social Environments DAVID W. McDONALD University of Washington JOSEPH F. McCARTHY Nokia Research Center SUZANNE SOROCZAK University of Washington DAVID H. NGUYEN University of California, Irvine and AL M. RASHID University of Minnesota Academic conferences provide a social space for people to present their work and interact with one another. However, opportunities for interaction are unevenly distributed among the attendees. We seek to extend the opportunities for interaction among attendees by using technology to enable them to reveal information about their background and interests in different settings. We evaluate a suite of applications that augment three physical social spaces at an academic conference. The applications were designed to augment formal conference paper sessions and informal breaks. A mixture of qualitative observation and survey response data are used to frame the impacts from both individual and group perspectives. Respondents reported on their interactions and serendip- itous findings of shared interests with other attendees. However, some respondents also identify distracting aspects of the augmentation. Our discussion relates these results to existing theory of group behavior in public places and how these social space augmentations relate to awareness as well as the problem of shared interaction models. Categories and Subject Descriptors: H.5.2 [ Information Interfaces and Presentation ]: User Interfaces— Interaction styles (e.g., commands, menus, forms, direct manipulation) ; H.5.3 Authors’ addresses: David W. McDonald and S. Soroczak, The Information School, Univer- sity of Washington, Box 354840, Mary Gates Hall, Seattle, WA 98195-352840; email: dwmc@u. washington.edu; J.F. McCarthy, Nokia Research Center, 955 Page Mill Road, Suite 200, Palo Alto, CA 94304-1003; D.H. Nguyen, Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Science, Univer- sity of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697; email: davidhn@uci.edu; A.M. Rashid, Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0213; email: rash0020@umn. edu. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or direct commercial advantage and that copies show this notice on the first page or initial screen of a display along with the full citation. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, to redistribute to lists, or to use any component of this work in other works requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Permissions may be requested from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., 2 Penn Plaza, Suite 701, New York, NY 10121-0701 USA, fax + 1 (212) 869-0481, or permission@acm.org....
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a16-mcdonald - 16 Proactive Displays: Supporting Awareness...

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