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Unformatted text preview: UNDERGRADUATE COOPERATION PROGRAM HANDOUT 10 Subject code: ENGL 1301 PATTERNS OF ESSAYS Subject name: Composition 1 Instructor: Tô Minh Thanh, Ph.D. ARGUMENTATION 10. 1 Analyzing an argumentation paragraph The following example paragraph probably involves some form of argumentation . Grants Pass, Oregon I. TOPIC SENTENCE: Although Grants Pass , Oregon ( Topic ) , is a fairly small town , it offers much to amuse summer visitors ( Controlling idea ). II. SUPPORT: (1) Out-of-town tourists: (1.1) Water sports are by far the main attraction. Visitors can go rafting down the Rogue River. They can go swimming in the Applegate River. Fishing in the area is a popular activity. (1.2) Lots of people go hunting for wild berries that grow along the roadsides. (1.3) Camp ers will find lovely camp grounds that are clean. (2) In-town tourists (2.1) There are several nice hotels . (2.2) Tourists can browse through a number of interesting shops in town, such as antique stores . One store to visit is the shop [ that sells items made from Oregon’s beautiful myrtle-wood]. (2.3) One fun activity is shopping at the open market where local folks sell produce in their gardens. (2.4) Grants Pass has a lot of places to eat , ranging from a low-calorie dessert place to lovely restaurants . Some of these restaurants offer good food and gorgeous views . III. CONCLUDING SENTENCES: As you can see , Grants Pass ( 1 st Restated topic ) offers a lot to do in the summer ( 1 st Restated Con. idea ) . If you want to give your family a nice , wholesome vacation ( 2 nd Restated Con. idea ) , try visiting this charming town ( 2 nd Restated topic ) . 10. 2 Planning for an Argumentative Essay 1 When you are planning an argumentative essay , be aware that the essay should contain the following characteristics: 1. The argumentative essay should introduce and explain the issue or case . This point is obvious ; clearly the reader needs to understand the issue being argued . In addition, it is often necessary to define any ambiguous terms [that are keys to the discussion ] . For example , if you were arguing that the government should not cut funding of basic research , it would no doubt be useful for your audience to define what you mean by basic research . Part of good arguing is clear communication , and clear communication requires that each party understand the terms being used . 2. The essay should offer reasons and support for those reasons . In other words , the essay should prove its points . 3. The essay should refute 1 opposing arguments . It is this characteristic that is more particular to the argumentative essay than to expository essays . Since there are two sides to the issue , and since you — the writer — want to convince the reader that you are right, not only must you prove your own case , but you should also prove [ that the opponent IS wrong ] , or at least [ that your points...
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