Name: AIS Jinwala Student Number: 57068976 LADHSSA Assignment: 01 Unique Number: 682401 QUESTION 1: Historical evidence and historical sources. Accounts of the past are derived from historical evidence. Historical evidence can take many forms, such as: an image, object, building, landscapes and written sources. One of which primary sources is the most important one. If a source answers questions about the past then only will be known as an evidence. Analysing evidence is called interpreting in which historians ask five questions, they are: What? Where? When? Who? Why? For example, a train ticket might be used to provide evidence of migration patterns or of the cost of living at a particular time, but also of broader cultural trends: for many years, for example, it was the practice to print a ‘W’ on a woman’s ticket.Historical Sources are original source that contain important historical information. It includes documents, artefacts, paintings, stone inscriptions or oral transmission. It is based on both primary and secondary sources. Historians study sources to get answers about the past and for that they need to study and question sources from the past and look up more evidence. For example, one of the way that we know that the San and Khoikhoi existed, we have been given and provided with sources and proof such as: rock painting, oral testimonies, paintings and ornaments from the past. Historians studied these sources and that is why we now know about the San and Khoikhoi, their lifestyle as well as what they did. Primary and secondary sources Primary source is an artefact, document, diary or any other source of information that was created at the time under study, which has not been changed and is reliable. Primary sources has dates which takes us to the past. Primary sources could also be in the form of letters, books, paintings or
photographs. One can find primary sources in the museums, libraries or private collection. Historians were first very depended on written sources but then the advance research and technology and science have opened up more opportunities and resources for evidence. Nowadays there are many services to call for help when trying to scrutinize any sources, such as a palaeontologist or linguist. With their knowledge we are able to find out more about the people, culture or groups of the past. Examples of primary sources are: diaries (journals, speeches, interviews, government records or records of organizations), published materials (books and journal/newspaper articles which was written at the time of particular event), documentary (photographs, audio recordings, movies or videos), reprinted primary sources (often in reference books such as: Speeches of the American Presidents and Documents of American history) and maps (oral histories, postcards, court records, paintings sculptures or jewelleries).