chapter_2--study_guide - Chapter 2-Study Guide Student: 1....

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1 Chapter 2--Study Guide Student: 1. The part of the nervous system that is activated in times of stress is the nervous system. A. parasympathetic B. somatic C. sympathetic D. central 2. Which of the following is an incorrect combination of neurotransmitter and what it affects? A. norepinephrine; emergency reactions B. serotonin; moderation and regulation of behavior C. benzodiazepine and GABA; general anxiety D. dopamine; depression 3. Obsessive-compulsive disorder appears to be linked to the area of the brain called the . The implications of this finding are that . A. orbital frontal cortex; although the disorder is related to a particular brain circuit, the causes of the disorder are not necessarily completely biological B. orbital frontal cortex; the disorder is probably due only to brain damage in this area C. occipital lobe; although the disorder is related to a particular brain circuit, the disorder causes the abnormalities in the brain D. occipital lobe; the disorder is most likely due to purely psychological causes 4. Research indicates that the relationship between psychological treatment and brain circuits is such that A. psychological treatment works regardless of the brain circuit activity. B. psychological treatment can alter brain circuits. C. brain circuit activity alone determines the response to psychological treatment. D. psychological treatment is not effective due to the changes in the brain caused by mental disorders. 5. According to studies with monkeys, a sense of control can influence A. responses to neurotransmitters. B. self-esteem. C. egotism. D. degree of yoking.
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2 6. Psychological conditioning involves A. learning a relationship between two events. B. salivating to a metronome. C. adding body and manageability to one’s hair. D. learning to salivate to food. 7. Seligman’s main contribution to psychology was the concept of ; Bandura’s was the notion of . A. modeling; observational learning B. observational learning; learned helplessness C. learned helplessness; modeling D. modeling; learned helplessness 8. According to the principle of prepared learning, humans A. are genetically predisposed to know certain things. B. inherit a capacity to learn certain things that are beneficial to the survival of the species. C. ready to learn to read by the age of six. D. are unable to learn the same things that rats learn. 9. The two neurotransmitters referred to as the “chemical brothers“ are A. serotonin and dopamine B. dopamine and GABA C. glutamate and GABA D. epinephrine and norepinephrine 10. The “fight or flight“ response refers to A. an Air Force principle for dealing with conflict. B. a typical response to learned helplessness. C. a technique used in Ellis’ rational-emotive therapy.
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This note was uploaded on 06/20/2011 for the course PSYCH 474 taught by Professor Ackner during the Spring '10 term at NMSU.

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chapter_2--study_guide - Chapter 2-Study Guide Student: 1....

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