chapter_12--study_guide

chapter_12--study_guide - Chapter 12-Study Guide Student:...

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1 Chapter 12--Study Guide Student: 1. The DSM uses a categorical approach to personality disorders. This is a problem because A. the severity of the disorders is not given much consideration. B. these disorders may simply be extreme degrees of normal patterns. C. it may lead clinicians to view these disorders as real entities. D. all of the above 2. This week’s first client shows a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy. You diagnose personality disorder, one of the Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic cluster of disorders. A. narcissistic B. schizoid C. avoidant D. histrionic 3. A pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluations, part of the Anxious or Fearful disorder cluster, is diagnosed as personality disorder. A. narcissistic B. schizoid C. avoidant D. dependent 4. George lives every day on a strict schedule. He must have everything perfect and organized, and is excessively devoted to his work. However, he has difficulty completing projects. Which personality disorder is he likely to be diagnosed? A. paranoid B. obsessive-compulsive C. dependent D. borderline 5. According to the text, which is NOT true in the treatment of paranoid personality disorder? A. Clients often do not remain in therapy long enough to be helped. B. Clients usually seek help for problems such as anxiety or depression, rather than for their personality disorder. C. Paradoxical intervention is used; i.e. therapists intentionally lie to these clients to create mistrust. D. No therapy has been shown to greatly improve the lives of those with the disorder.
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2 6. Dependent personality disorder and avoidant personality disorder have the following in common: A. feelings of inadequacy B. sensitivity to criticism C. need for reassurance from others D. all of the above E. none of the above 7. Which of the following might be considered in treating an individual with schizotypal personality disorder? A. anti-depressant medication B. social skills training C. encouraging acceptance of the behaviors without major changes D. all of the above 8. Which is true of avoidant personality disorder? A. Behavioral interventions for anxiety and social skills problems have had some success. B. As with most personality disorders, research on treatment effectiveness is lacking C. Treatments are similar to those used for social phobia. D. both a and c 9. The relationship between obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) A. is a distant one; those with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder tend not to have the obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors of OCD. B. is a highly overlapping one; OCD encompasses all of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder characteristics, but no characteristics of other personality disorders. C. is as close as can be; the disorders are one and the same.
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chapter_12--study_guide - Chapter 12-Study Guide Student:...

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