chapter_2--an_integrative_a - 1 Chapter 2--An Integrative...

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1 Chapter 2--An Integrative Approach to Psychopathology Key 1. The best description of the multidimensional integrative approach to understanding psychopathology is that it is based on: A. biological and psychological causes B. biological causes only C. learned helplessness and social learning theory D. the physical structure and chemical processes of the brain 2. Within the multidimensional integrative approach to understanding psychopathology, learned helplessness is considered a(n) (((( dimension. A. biological B. psychological C. emotional D. psychological 3. The basis of the multidimensional integrative approach to understanding psychopathology is that each dimension (psychological, biological, emotional, etc.): A. operates independently B. is sufficient to cause pathology C. builds on the dimension that precedes it D. is influenced by the other dimensions 4. Your uncle spent most of his teen years in a hospital undergoing treatment for a severe physical illness. As an adult, he is rather shy and withdrawn, particularly around women. He has been diagnosed with social phobia and you believe that it is entirely due to lack of socialization during his teen years. Your theory or model of what caused his phobia is: A. multidimensional B. integrative C. one-dimensional D. biological
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2 5. According to the multidimensional integrative approach to psychopathology, the following statement is true for most psychological disorders: A. if one monozygotic twin has a particular disorder, the other twin will definitely have the disorder as well B. monozygotic twins are no more likely to share psychological disorders than any other siblings C. monozygotic twins are no more likely to share disorders than any other two people selected at random from the population D. if one monozygotic twin has a particular psychological disorder, the other twin is more likely to have the disorder than the rest of the population 6. In order for a particular phobia to develop, genetic and developmental factors typically (((( with each other: A. interact B. distract C. protract D. contact 7. If siblings who are 5 and 12 years old respectively respond very differently to the same traumatic event it is probably due to: A. cultural differences B. developmental differences C. psychosocial differences D. childhood differences 8. The most accurate way to think of genes is that they: A. set boundaries for our development B. determine both our physical and psychological characteristics C. determine physical but not psychological characteristics D. actually have very little to do with any of the characteristics that we display 9. Referring to behavior and personality as polygenic means that both are: A. influenced by only a few genes, but each has a large effect B. influenced by many genes, with each individual gene contributing a relatively small effect C. influenced by individual genes only rarely D. a result of our genetic structure only 10.
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