Exploring Animal Black Markets in Brazil and Their Economic Impacts

Exploring Animal Black Markets in Brazil and Their Economic Impacts

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Exploring Animal Black Markets in Brazil and Their Economic Impacts Josh Frohm Dustin Johnston Economics 374 – Cont International Issues Economics 374 – Cont International Issues Sam Houston State University Sam Houston State University [email protected] [email protected] Mateo Posada Economics 374 – Cont International Issues Sam Houston State University [email protected] Abstract This paper examines the animal of black market in Brazil and its effects on Latin American economies. Produces an in-depth study of this trade both internal and external occurring in Brazil and how trade is effected by the presence of this animal
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black market. Contains compilation and a broad view of all black markets will be used as the base for research. Other topics covered in our research included but are not limited to the effects of animal black markets on GDP, GNP, certain sociopolitical aspects and the way endangered species are handled/regarded due to black markets. The analysis suggests that animal black markets are harmful both to the home and host countries in the areas of corruption, both socially and politically, degrading moral behavior in regards to life in general, not just that of endangered species. The findings show that the creation and continued existence of animal black markets in Brazil have produced a tolerance for crime in Brazil higher than that in other Latin American countries. The study also finds that there is an inverse relationship in the amount of money a black market takes in and the successfulness of a countries GDP primarily in the area of government expenditures and where tax collections are concerned. Keywords: Endangered Species, Brazil, Black Markets, Animals JEL Codes: F13, O17, Q17, Q57,
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1 Introduction According to Allen Campa in a presentation at the Wilson center (2009) about thirty- eight million animals are taken from the Amazon rainforest every year for the purpose of animal trafficking, the biggest contributors being China followed closely by Brazil with about 10% of the total world wide wildlife trafficking. With about two billion dollars in revenue every year Brazil which is more revenue than all but two of its illegal markets, Clothing and Cocaine (Renctas/Havocscope, 2009). Just a sample of this injustice is seen in the 25,000 primates, 500,000,000 tropical fish and 3,000 jungle cats that are traded every year in the Amazon basin, which is located primarily in Brazil (Laurel Neme). Especially in danger are endangered species whose sell fetches poachers a premium due to the rarity of the respective species. One example of this is the poison
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This note was uploaded on 06/20/2011 for the course MCN 480 taught by Professor Mcnair during the Spring '10 term at Sam Houston State University.

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Exploring Animal Black Markets in Brazil and Their Economic Impacts

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