092507 - 09/25/07 Gods in Iliad Melodramatic and sometimes...

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09/25/07 Gods in Iliad Melodramatic and sometimes contradictory interactions among divine figures (see the opening scene where Apollo, Zeus and the other two goddesses fight) The problem of freewill (Say, if Achilles followed his “free will,” Agamemnon would have been killed under his hands. There are places where it suggests Achilles is unable to challenge his fate. ) freewill v.s. determinism In general, it seems to suggest that destiny/fate is driven by Zeus’ will . Nonetheless, there are occasions in which Zeus’ decision is forced by events. Neither absolute free will nor determinism dominates Homeric works entirely. Book 11—Note: all the decision-makings rest on warrior code , a sense of responsibility. Warrior code motivates Achaeans to keep on fighting. Irrationality of gods’ behavior Greek word oikos —home of hearth Book 6, p.64-5 oikos v.s. warrior code (Andromache v.s. Hektor) The mentality of oikos is heavily used by Andromache , Hektor’s wife p.66 “Hektor, thus you are father to me, and my honoured mother”
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092507 - 09/25/07 Gods in Iliad Melodramatic and sometimes...

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