CHAPTER 4_SYG - C HAPTER 4: SOCIAL IZATION SECTION 1...

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CHAPTER 4: SOCIALIZATION SECTION 1 Socialization: the lifelong process of social interaction in which the individual acquires a social identity and ways of thinking, feeling, & acting that are essential for effective participation in a society Functions of socialization: o Establishes our social identity o Teaches us role taking o Controls our behavior o Transmits culture to the next generation Human interaction is vital o Self identity SECTION 2 Nature vs. Nurture o Biologists tend to focus on the role of heredity in human development-emphasizing nature o Social scientists focus on the roles of learning, socialization, o Biology affects development Gender identity Anxiety o Behavior affects biology Serotonin Physical or sexual abuse o We can conclude that nature and nurture interact in the socialization process and both are important to development SECTION 3 Sociological Explanations of Socialization o For functionalists, socialization encourages conformity and maintains a society’s stability by controlling disruptive behavior Learning Theories
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o For symbolic interactionists, social interaction shapes socialization. Looking glass
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This note was uploaded on 06/20/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 2000 taught by Professor Someone during the Spring '11 term at University of Central Florida.

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CHAPTER 4_SYG - C HAPTER 4: SOCIAL IZATION SECTION 1...

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