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CHAPTER 1: THE SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION SECTION 1 What is Sociology? o The systematic study of social interaction at a variety of levels Some sociologists argue interactions aren’t regular/patterned o Interaction Between individuals Dating couple Co workers Between groups Newcomers/old timers in a community High school cliques Immigration patterns Economic globalization o Application What would happen is we didn’t have patterned interaction? Difficult socialization Awkward communication No traffic patterns? Shopping? Payments? Why do we Need Sociology? o Some people argue that sociology is just common sense Common sense makes obvious difficult Sociology goes beyond common sense o Application The death penalty reduces crime? FALSE Opposites attract? FALSE o Beyond Common Sense Common sense is often contradictory SECTION 2 According to C. Wright Mills, the sociological imaginations is the ability to see o Sociological imagination sees the connection between personal troubles o Applications: Violence
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Microsociology o This focuses on small scale patterns of individuals social interactions in specific settings Individuals interacting as friends Interactions within a family (race) Macrosociology o This focuses on large scale patterns of processes that characterize society as a whole Comparison of divorce rates in countries Trade policies between countries Why is Sociology Important? o It can help us make informed decisions Should we live together before marriage? Should the U.S. increase minimum wage? o Sociology helps us understand diversity Who are non-Hispanic whites? What do we think of when we see men in traditionally woman occupations? o Should we have a teenager curfew? Should the U.S. government provide health care? SECTION 3 Origins of Sociological Thinking o Theory Seems difficult But it is commonly used In sociology, theory help in understanding social problems o Auguste Comte “Father of sociology” (FRENCH): study people in groups Argued for the empirical study of society Use observations, experiments, or experiences Analyzed social statistics and dynamics (culture across time) o Harriet Martineau Translated Comte’s French writings into English Wrote her own methodology book All around advocate (anti-slavery, women’s rights) o Emile Durkheim 1800s-early 1900s French sociologist
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This note was uploaded on 06/20/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 2000 taught by Professor Someone during the Spring '11 term at University of Central Florida.

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