Chapter 5 - CHAPTER 5 LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION: What is...

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CHAPTER 5 – LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION: What is Language? Language (107) , which may be spoken (speech) or written (writing), is our primary means of communication. Language is always changing Nonhuman Primate Communication: The natural communication systems of other primates (monkeys and apes) are call systems (108) . Apes can learn to use American Sign Language (ASL), which is widely used by hearing impaired Americans. Washoe was the first chimpanzee to learn sign language (died in 2007 at age 42) Cultural transmission (109) of a communication system through learning is a fundamental attribute of language. Koko, the gorilla, had a vocabulary that surpassed the chimpanzees vocabulary Koko and the chimps also show that apes share still another linguistic ability with humans; productivity (creating new expressions that are comprehensible to other speakers) Apes also have demonstrated linguistic displacement (110) describing things and events that are not present; basic to language). Herbert Terrace worked with chimps and doubted their linguistic abilities The Origin of Language: A mutated gene known as FOXP2 helps explain why humans speak and chimps don’t. Nonverbal Communication:
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This note was uploaded on 06/20/2011 for the course ANT 220 taught by Professor Merle during the Fall '09 term at Wayne State University.

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Chapter 5 - CHAPTER 5 LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION: What is...

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