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Chapter 6 - CHAPTER 6 ETHNICITY AND RACE Ethnic Groups and...

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CHAPTER 6 – ETHNICITY AND RACE: Ethnic Groups and ethnicity: As with any culture, members of an ethnic group (132) share certain beliefs, values, habits, customs, and norms because of their common background. According to Fredrik Barth, ethnicity can be said to exist when people claim a certain ethnic identity for themselves and are defined by others as having that identity. Ethnicity means identification with, and feeling part of, an ethnic group and exclusion from certain other groups because of this affiliation. Some statuses are attributed to ascribed statuses : people have little or no choice about occupying them. Achieved statuses aren’t automatic; they come through choices, actions, efforts, talents, or accomplishments. (May be positive or negative) When an ethnic group is assumed to have a biological basis, it is called a race . Discrimination against such group is called racism . Human Biological Diversity and the Race Concept: Historically, scientists have approached the study of human biological diversity in two main ways: 1) Racial classification (now largely abandoned – the attempt to assign humans to discrete categories based on common ancestry) 2) The current explanatory approach which focuses on understanding specific differences
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