Chapter 8 - C HAPTER 8 POL I T ICAL SYSTE MS...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 8 – POLITICAL SYSTEMS: Anthropologists and political scientists share an interest in political systems and organization, but the anthropologist approach is global and comparative, and includes non- states as well as states and nation-states usually studies by political scientists. Morin Fried: Political Organization comprises those portions of social organization that specifically relate to the individuals or groups that manage the affairs of public policy or seek to control the appointment or activities of those individuals or groups. (Page 192) Types and Trends: Elman Service listed four types, or levels, of political organization: Band – a small kin-based group (all the members are related by kinship or marriage) Tribe (193) – had economies based on nonintensive food production (horticulture and pastoralism). A food producing society with rudimentary political structures. Chiefdom – a form of sociopolitical organization intermediate between the tribe and the state (based on kinship, marriage, descent, age, generation, and gender) State – a form of sociopolitical organization based on a formal government structure and socioeconomic stratification Bands and Tribes: All foragers now trade with food producers. Most contemporary hunter-gatherers rely on governments and on missionaries for at least part of what they consume. The San (193): San speakers “Bushmen” of South Africa have been influenced by the Bantu speakers (farmers and herders) for 2,000 years and by Europeans for centuries.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Edwin Wilmsen argues that many San descend from herders who were pushed into the desert by poverty or oppression. Susan Kent notes a tendency to stereotype foragers, to treat them all alike. Richard Lee embarked on a systematic study of life in the Kalahari and documented many changes. The Inuit (195): The aboriginal Inuit, another group of foragers, provide a good example of methods of settling disputes ( conflict resolution ) in stateless societies.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern